Quote: Gitelman on “history”

2021-03-07 / 0 comments

“By history, I mean to invoke the limited sense in which doing history means putting together narrarives about events (also “history”) based on interpreting the “indexical survivals” or inscriptions that form a fragmentary record of the past. Put this way, history is not a science but a hermeneutic, an interpretative mode sutured to a disciplinary…

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“Data before the Fact” – selected citations from Daniel Rosenberg

2017-01-11 / 0 comments

Daniel Rosenberg is professor of history at Clark Honors College, University of Oregon. He writes on a wide range of topics related to history, epistemology, language and visual culture, among them the history of data . In 2013 he published an insightful article on the etymological origins of the term data in Lisa Gitelman‘s volume…

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Definition: Derivative Works

2015-08-15 / 0 comments

US Definition A “derivative work” is a work based upon one or more preexisting works, such as a translation, musical arrangement, dramatization, fictionalization, motion picture version, sound recording, art reproduction, abridgment, condensation, or any other form in which a work may be recast, transformed, or adapted. A work consisting of editorial revisions, annotations, elaborations, or…

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What is Technology?

2015-08-04 / 0 comments

Technology refers to the state of knowledge concerning ways of converting resources into outputs. Source: OECD Productivity Manual: A Guide to the Measurement of Industry-Level and Aggregate Productivity Growth, OECD, Paris, March 2001, Annex 1 – Glossary. Technologie ist die systematische Anwendung wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse oder anderen organisierten Wissens bei praktischen Aufgaben. Ihre wichtigste Folge, jedenfalls…

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What is M2M / IoT / IoE?

2015-07-17 / 0 comments

M2M = “[…] modules, sensors, chipsets and SIMs using newtworked resources to connect machines to remote application platforms ” (Tavares 2014, p. 26). Machine-to-machine (M2M) communications is used for automated data transmission and measurement between mechanical or electronic devices. The key components of an M2M system are: Field-deployed wireless devices with embedded sensors or RFID-Wireless…

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What is Data Economics?

2015-07-01 / 0 comments

Data economics investigates the economic principles of data and its institutionalisation thereof in the form of industries, regulations and socio-economic effects deriving from it. From a business model perspective data economics tries to […] align data exchange and revenue generation as part of the same positive feedback mechanism, aligning investment in the service with calculable…

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What is Data?

2015-06-20 / 0 comments

The etymological roots of data stem from the latin term “dare”, which means “to give”, “to present”, “to offer”. The term “data” is the plural form of the passive particle perfect “datum” and can be translated with “given” or “delivered”. Hence, in its orginal meaning and till the middle ages the term “data” had a…

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