What is M2M / IoT / IoE?
“[…] modules, sensors, chipsets and SIMs using newtworked resources to connect machines to remote application platforms ” (Tavares 2014, p. 26).
Machine-to-machine (M2M) communications is used for automated data transmission and measurement between mechanical or electronic devices. The key components of an M2M system are: Field-deployed wireless devices with embedded sensors or RFID-Wireless communication networks with complementary wireline access includes, but is not limited to cellular communication, Wi-Fi, ZigBee, WiMAX, wireless LAN (WLAN), generic DSL (xDSL) and fiber to the x (FTTx). [Source: Gartner Glossary]
“[…] a broad network of networks of those connected machines interacting among themselves and with the external environment” (Tavares 2014, p. 26).
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects that contain embedded technology to communicate and sense or interact with their internal states or the external environment. [Source: Gartner Glossary]
“[…] bringing humans back into the picture, linking people, processes, data and networks of connected machines” (Tavares 2014, p. 26).
Tavares, Ricardo (2014). Rise of the machines. In: Intermedia, 42/3, p. 26-30